Tuesday, March 7, 2017

Remembering the Alamo

The Alamo,  San Antonio Texas

The Alamo originally served as a Spanish Mission to educate Native Americans in Christianity. 

Alamo was a Mexican fort at one time.
 During the Mexican War of Independence parts of the mission frequently served as a political prison.

Texas was a part of Mexico that didn't like the new Mexican government. It became an independent country "Texas Republic" for a time and so did California.

Six flags over Texas signifies the six countries that have had sovereignty over part or all of Texas.
Spain (1519-1685; 1690-1821), France (1685-1690) Mexico (1821-1836) 
Republic of Texas (1836-1845) Confederate States of America (1861- 1865)
United States of America (1845-1861; 1865 - present).

It was a 12 day stand off.
on the thirteenth day 

The Alamo fell on March 6th, 1836.

Big names involved Travis, Bowie, Davy Crockett
 and Mexican General Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana.
The average age of volunteers at the Alamo was 24 - 26. View a list of defenders at alamo.org. It is an interesting read of each and every participant. Maybe you have an ancestor who fought there, several states had representatives including Pennsylvania.

The Alamo was protecting the city. The exterior of the Long Barracks seen at the bottom of the picture with the semi-circle windows was originally two stories. It was here where the soldiers and officers withdrew for the final last stand.

San Antonio is named after St. Anthony of Padua.

The Alamo Mission in San Antonio, is part of the San Antonio Missions World Heritage Site (2015)
Texas Antiquities  Landmark (1983)
U.S. Historic District Contributing Property 
Alamo Plaza Historic District (1977)
National Register of Historic Places (1966)
National Historic Landmark (1960)

The original part of San Fernando Cathedral stood in 1836, a short walk from the Alamo. It is said to be where Santa Ana raised the red flag "no quarter" for the defenders to plainly see, "take no prisoners".

The original sanctuary built between 1738 and 1750 in San Fernando Cathedral, San Antonia is the oldest cathedral in the State of Texas, also one of the oldest cathedrals in the United States.

The baptismal font, believed to be a gift from Charles III, who became King of Spain from 1759, is the oldest piece of liturgical furnishing in the cathedral.

Jim Bowie was married (Ursula de Veramendi) 1831 in this church.

You can also pay your respects to some of the Alamo heroes there.

Phil Collins had one of the largest collections of Alamo artifacts that in 2014, he generously donated to the Texas Land Office, guardian of the Alamo

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