Thursday, April 14, 2011

Top 10 Facts About Abraham Lincoln

1. President Lincoln’s political party was Republican and he was president for four years from 1861-1865, when he was assassinated.

2. Before marrying Mary Todd Lincoln he had two notable romantic relationships, Mary Owens who he had planned on marrying and Ann Rutledge, whose death caused Lincoln to drop into a severe depression. Mary’s parents disagreed with her marrying Abraham because he had a poor background.

3. Abraham was an unaffiliated Christian as he never officially acquired church membership.

4. He had deep depression, even though he would frequently tell stories and jokes to friends and family.

5. Lincoln, one week before his death, had a dream of someone crying in the White House, when he found the room; he looked in and asked who had passed away. The man in the room said the President. When he looked in the coffin it was his own face he saw.

6. His birth mother died from milk sickness. His father remarried a widow, and Abraham was very close to his step mother.

A view from the general seating below of the balcony seats where Lincoln was sitting. The assasin John Wilkes Booth jumped down onto the stage after shooting the President and escaped.

7. Abraham had four children, Robert Todd Lincoln, Edward Lincoln, Willie Lincoln, Tad Lincoln. There are no direct descendents of Lincoln. Robert Todd Lincoln, the only son to reach adulthood and marry, had three children: Mary, Abraham and Jessie. Mary's only child, Lincoln Isham, had no children. Abraham lived from 1873-1890 and had no children. Jessie had two children, Mary Beckwith and Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, neither of which had any children.

This is the balcony seating where the Presidentand Mrs. Lincoln were sitting when he was shot.

8. Lincoln was shot on Good Friday, April 14, 1865, by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C., where he and his wife were attending the play Our American Cousin. He died at 7:22 a.m. the following day, April 15th, at the Peterson Boarding House across the street from Ford's Theatre.

This is a picture of the bed that Lincoln died in located at the Peterson House

9. The Lincoln Memorial was the site of many famous speeches. Martin Luther King gave his “I Had a Dream” speech in 1963, a tile marks the spot on which he stood.

10. The Gettysburg Address was just ten sentences.

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation, so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate, we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

The South wall of the Lincoln memorial has the complete Gettysburg address inscribed on it. Above the inscription, is a mural depicting the angel of truth freeing a slave.

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